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Child welfare orphans, big illness, institutionalization

On May 30th, the laughter in the Qianmen Taner Hutong Elementary School continued. Children and parents at Dashilan Street are enjoying an unusual weekend. Together with the college community service volunteers, they have a fun game of crossing the river, painting the five senses, and cooperating with the ball.

This is one of the series of activities of UNICEF, the Department of Social Welfare and Charity Promotion of the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the School of Social Development and Public Policy of the Normal University. Under the new social situation, the child welfare undertaking is facing many new challenges. The needs of children's survival, life, education, development and other aspects need to be listened to more deeply and meticulously.

From family to society: Children's development requires the efforts of all parties. In the crowd of children playing in the charcoal Hutong primary school, a silver-haired parent looks a bit special. Her name is Liu Chunyu, this year, 65, with 12 granddaughter Xinyue to "have and jump." She told reporters that Xinyue’s parents are busy with their food and beverage outlets at home, and they have no time to accompany their children. There is not much Xiaoxin Yue on the side, and it looks a bit lonely.

With the development trend of family miniaturization and coreization, the interaction between parents and children has become one of the most important and key links in the process of children's socialization. Xu Wenqing, a UNICEF AIDS program official, said: "For a long time, many parents have been used to taking care of their children, pressing their children, only paying attention to their children's food and clothing, and paying insufficient attention to other aspects of their children's needs." She believes that, in fact, Parents also experienced the process of growing up with their children as they grew up. The importance of parent education has become increasingly prominent.

The reporter visited several families in Dashilan Street in Qianmen. Many parents confessed that because of work, livelihood and other reasons, they have less interaction with their children. I hope that schools and communities can provide more opportunities to enhance their understanding. Su Yulan, who lives in Yanshou Street, told reporters: "I don't usually dare to go out to play by my children. Most of them are at home, keeping my children homework." Su Yulan believes that parents' education awareness is biased and the community lacks good Children's activity venues are also an important factor.

Chen Zhenhai, director of the Dashilan Sub-district Office, told reporters that the lack of space for children's activities has become a common phenomenon exposed in many cities and regions. "Family and society need to be organically integrated. The family is the cell of society, and the healthy growth of children is conducive to family stability and to society."

He believes that outside the school, the scope of activities of children is mainly family, and social practice activities are far from enough, which is not conducive to the growth of children. It is conceivable to set up a children's activity center in the community, and a volunteer service organization to establish long-term contact with colleges and universities, provide cultural and sports activities, study and counseling, etc., to meet the needs of children's physical and mental development. From vacancies to universal benefits: child welfare should benefit every child.

"You can't bitter your child again." We often hear such simple words. The development and progress of society first needs to give the results to children. In the historical stage where per capita GDP will reach 4,000 US dollars, the issue of giving children more welfare needs to be put on the agenda.

Family support and community input are just one aspect that needs to be strengthened. In the view of Wang Zhenyao, Director of the Social Welfare and Philanthropy Promotion Department of the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the most urgent task at present is to establish a child welfare system that is compatible with the actual needs of children and the level of economic development. "To some extent, the level of child welfare should be ahead of the level of national economic and social development," he stressed. Wang Zhenyao said that the child welfare undertaking is still in the stage of transition from the deficiencies to the institutional and inclusive benefits, and faces the challenges of changing the concept of child welfare services, improving quality, expanding scope, and extending the cycle. Children are concerned with the future of a country and nation. If the investment in the future is insufficient, it will inevitably affect the sustainable development of society and the country. "For example, we need to develop a welfare system for children's major medical care as soon as possible, establish a welfare system for children with disabilities as soon as possible, and gradually promote the welfare system for single-parent families and even all children," Wang Zhenyao said. "In fact, children are seriously ill, flowers. There is not much money, and the effect is very good. The orphan illness insurance that is currently being implemented requires only 50 per year, which can cover 12 kinds of major illness insurance, and can be reimbursed up to 100,000. In the future, it is fully qualified to establish a welfare system for children with major illnesses. For children with disabilities, how to make them live better and need certain social support. In addition, in developed areas, it is perfectly necessary to distribute living stickers to all children and improve their quality of life. For example, the free lunch system for primary schools in Brazil. Xu Wenqing has been engaged in child welfare work for more than ten years. She told reporters that during the visits in the past few years, she has clearly felt that the government has invested heavily in children's medical care and education, and many of her work has been fruitful. Child welfare is the right that every child should have, not just for specific groups and specific age groups. The next step should be to expand the coverage of the policy, such as children's education security, pre-compulsory education and maternal and child stages, and many jobs can be done more carefully. UNICEF Representative in China Wei Yingwei told reporters that UNICEF and the Social Policy Research Center of the Normal University are working on the preparation of the Child Welfare Policy Report, which will be released soon. At the same time, it advocates the first week of June as the Child Welfare Week, calling for more children's voices and attention to the needs of each child. From management to service: Children can't wait, "Many things we need can wait, but children can't wait. Her bones are forming, blood is forming, and the mind is developing. We can't explain the days to children, her name is Today!” The Chilean poet, Gary Ella Mistral, is an urgent and urgent need to explain the needs of children. Children are different from other groups and they need to beThe focus is on the present and the future, and it is growth and development. Therefore, it is necessary to follow the principle of upstream intervention based on early prevention and prevention. Wang Zhenyao said in an interview that although the "Child Development Outline (2001-2010)" has been issued, no specific plans have been formed on specific financial inputs and financial guarantees, management systems and mechanisms, and details of service projects. The special plan for child welfare should be included in the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” for national economic and social development, and it should be guaranteed from projects and funds to effectively promote the long-term steady development of children's welfare. Shang Xiaoyuan, a professor and senior researcher at the Center for Social Policy at the University of New South Wales in Australia, told reporters that there is currently no special institution for the management of child welfare. Child welfare management is scattered among many departments or groups such as the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Education, the Women’s Federation and the Judiciary. The management pattern of "Jiulong Water Control" objectively makes the child welfare administration in a "virtualized" state. As early as 1909, the Children's Bureau was established in the federal government. Norway has a special Ministry of Children and Equality, Japan has a Children and Family Bureau, and the Central Child Welfare Council. India was established in 1985 when the per capita GDP was only 1,000 US dollars. Women and Child Development Division. From the current level of development, the lack of a unified child welfare management institution needs to be improved. It is necessary to set up a special National Child Welfare Bureau to conduct unified management of child welfare, and on the one hand avoid the drawbacks of multi-management management. On the other hand, it can truly plan and manage the welfare of the children's groups and implement specific policies. Compared with the international level, the overall welfare of children's welfare work is low, lack of professionals, the occupational system lags behind, and the welfare of children still stays in the general administrative significance and popular life assistance. Zhang Xiulan, dean of the School of Social Development and Public Policy of the Normal University, believes that with the development of the economy and the progress of society, the level of child rearing, service and standards will continue to increase, and a large number of child welfare jobs will be created. Drawing on international experience, professional and professional child welfare jobs should be established in the Hecheng community. In particular, child care workers, child social workers and youth social workers should be vigorously trained. From the perspective of actual demand, the team of child welfare workers objectively needs more than 100,000 or even larger scales. We should adopt a positive attitude and encourage social organizations to actively participate in child welfare work.
Child welfare orphans, big illness, institutionalization
On May 30th, the laughter in the Qianmen Taner Hutong Elementary School continued. Children and parents at Dashilan Street are enjoying an unusual weekend. Together with the college community service volunteers, they have a fun game of cros

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